April 17 this year is tax filing day, but it is also the due date for FBARs to report foreign accounts. The U.S. Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) issued a reminder of the due date for filing FinCEN Form 114, Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts(FBAR), to report foreign financial accounts held in 2017. For over a decade, the IRS has made a major push for Americans to report their offshore income and assets. It can sometimes feel like the IRS does not want to you have anything anywhere that is not 100% American.
Actually, you are free to have it, but you had better report it. Much of the hullabaloo about offshore assets started when the IRS went after Swiss banking. Americans are required to report their worldwide income. There have been many criminal cases, and a vastly larger number of civil ones about this issue. Large numbers of taxpayers in the last decade have stepped forward in one of several IRS disclosure programs.
After getting bruised in court battles with the IRS, in 2009, UBS paid $780 million to settle charges that it helped wealthy Americans evade taxes. Other Swiss banks followed suit. The episode triggered thousands of voluntary disclosures to the IRS, and changed bank secrecy forever. Eventually, the Swiss Parliament passed a measure enabling banks to hand over client identities to American authorities without violating Swiss bank-secrecy laws. Then, in 2010, the U.S. passed FATCA, the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act.
Most people are surprised to learn that FBARs—also now called FinCEN Form 114, Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts, have existed since 1970. They are filed with FinCEN, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, part of the Treasury Department. That itself is a little scary. FinCEN regulations say you must file if you have a financial interest in, or signature authority over, foreign financial accounts with a total value exceeding $10,000 during the previous calendar year. The due date this year is April 17, but if you extend your tax return due date, your extension extends your FBAR due date too.